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What is Apache Camel and Why it is needed

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In this tutorial, We are going to learn about the Apache Camel and Why is it needed.

What is Apache Camel

  • Camel is an integration framework that aims to make integration projects productive and fun.
  • The Camel project was started in early 2007, available under the Apache 2 license, and it has a strong community.
  • Camel’s focus is on simplifying integration.

Fun fact about name: The Apache Camel project was named Camel simply because the name is short and easy to remember.

  • At the core of the Camel framework is a routing engine. It allows us to define routing rules, decide from which sources to accept messages, and determine how to process and send those messages to other destinations.
  • Camel uses an integration language that allows us to define complex routing rules, akin to business processes.
  • One of the fundamental principles of Camel is that it makes no assumptions about the type of data you need to process and this is an important point, because it gives the developer, an opportunity to integrate any kind of system, without the need to convert the data to a canonical format.

Why Apache Camel is needed

  • Routing and mediation engine
  • Enterprise integration patterns (EIPs)
  • Easy to integrate with other popular frameworks/Domain-specific language (DSL)
  • Extensive component library
  • Payload-agnostic router
  • Modular and pluggable architecture
  • POJO model
  • Easy configuration
  • Automatic type converters
  • Lightweight core
  • Test kit
  • Vibrant community