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A Comprehensive Guide To The 7 Phases of Web Development Life Cycle

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In this tutorial we are going to see 7 Phases of Web Development Life Cycle in detail.

Web development is all the rage today. It has become essential for businesses to have a high-functioning website or web application to cater to the digital requirements of customers. Almost all companies, no matter the field of operation, are focusing on creating a well-designed site for marketing their services.

But the web development process does not only involve coding. With a hundred aspects that need to be taken into consideration, it becomes imperative to follow a structured process to avoid problems.

A web app development life cycle provides just that, a strategically designed methodology to achieve top-notch results. There are 7 phases of the web development life cycle that you should follow to get a distinguished website.

We will be discussing all the web application development phases in detail, elucidating each and every step involved in the website development checklist.

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What is Web Development?

Web development is the process of building websites and web applications that work on the internet. From creating a simple static one-page website to coding a full-blown robust web application and a content management system.

Website development includes-

  • the coding of the application logic
  • incorporating databases and managing user queries
  • designing user interfaces,
  • hosting the website on servers
  • maintaining and updating

Each activity involved in the web development process can be classified into server-side, client-side, and full-stack development.

Layers of Web Development

  • Server Side
    Backend or server-side development incorporates all the processes that go behind the scene in a website. The management of databases, servers, and logical components are the main components of the backend.
    These are not tangible for the users, but without a strong backend development team, your website will be an empty page that can not do any tasks.
  • Client-Side
    This layer, also referred to as the frontend, mainly deals with the visual presentation and designing of the site. Frontend developers work on creating a seamless user experience through responsive web pages using CSS, HTML, and JavaScript. Without a good user interface, your website will not be able to attract customers.
  • Full Stack
    Full-Stack development combines the frontend and backend, encapsulating the whole web development process. In this layer, you deal with the entire stack of tasks and technologies involved in the website development life cycle.
    This means a full-stack engineer is adept at UI-UX designing, database manipulation, server hosting, and coding the browsers.

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These three layers together encompass the web development life cycle. It remains the same for both website and web application development.

If you or your team is working on a development project, it is important to understand what a web development life cycle is.

What is the Web Development Cycle?

A web development life cycle concerns all the stages that go into building the website from formulating the idea to coding and designing to deploying and maintaining. It is the standard or methodical step to follow to achieve a well-functioning website.

It gives a basic outline for developers or project managers to follow to ensure minimum errors and optimal results.

The 7 stages of web development cycle are –

  1. Research
  2. Planning
  3. Designing
  4. Content creation
  5. Development
  6. Testing
  7. Maintenance.

The 7 Phases of Web Development Life Cycle

1. Research and Analysis

  • Most people ignore this critical step in the web development process. To ensure that your design and development is on the right path, gathering information about the project and the client is crucial.
  • Unless your developers have a clear idea of what they are working for and what the requirements are, they will not be able to provide the right solution. Some of the common questions to ask yourself or your clients in the information gathering stage are-

Purpose:

  • What is the purpose of the website?
  • What type of website/web app will it be – informational, commercial, product, or service-based?
  • What is your target audience?

Requirements:

  • Is there adequate demand in the market?
  • Why do users need your website?
  • What requirements of the consumers are you trying to fulfill?
  • What are the non-negotiable requirements for the website?

Expectations:

  • What do you expect the look and feel to be?
  • How and what will the website generate for your business?
  • What features will the user expect from such an application?
  • What are some features you wish to include?

During this phase, it is important to visualize what type of people your website is going to be catering to. Taking into consideration their age, gender, preferences, and needs, set goals and generate requirement elicitation documents.

If this step is ignored, all the remaining web development stages become irrelevant and cannot produce the desired outputs.

2. Planning and Strategy

  • The Planning stage involves strategizing all the aspects of the website including design, technology, content, and marketing. Based on the information gathered and analyzed in the last stage, informed decisions are made about the structure and features of the website.
  • In the Planning phase, a dedicated team is formed with each member having a defined role and delegated with clear tasks.
  • Deciding on the content structure, wireframe (schematics and rough designs), choosing the technology stack and software development methodology are important decisions to take before website creation.
    Technology stack is a set of programming languages, frameworks, and software that are used to build any web app.
  • Creating a sitemap, estimating timelines, defining deliverables, and allocation of resources are also essential parts of the Planning phase. Finally, you have to decide on the branding of your website before moving on to the Design phase.

3. Designing and Wireframing

  • The web design stage involves designing website layout and brings in the creative UI-UX designers to the forefront.
  • The layout involves designing a rough sketch, which may be graphical, to get a feel of the design of the website. The purpose of the layout is to present an information structure, enabling a visual tour of the content and base features for your clients.
  • The wireframe designed in the last stage is transformed into buttons, tabs, menus, dashboards, colour themes, typography, and graphics to create a base layout of the website.
  • Keeping in mind the audience research, design an interactive website that caters to their preferences and demands. Make sure your website or application does not become mundane. Include graphics, colors, and other media to attract users without deviating from the branding and purpose of your website.

4. Content Creation

  • Eventually, content is king. If you are unable to communicate with your customers and readers, no amount of fancy design can help you.
  • Creating a communication channel through the user interface is the main aim of the content creation stage.
  • Content writing involves providing relevant information about your company in an easy-to-understand, attractive manner. Adding calls-to-action, creative headlines, formatting, line editing, writing, and updating texts go on throughout the web development lifecycle.
  • This phase develops the branding and marketing of your site or web app and lets you define your website purposes through content writing.
  • Content is the only way to interact with end-users and convert them into customers, so make sure to pay due attention and focus on user’s problems and what solutions you can offer.

5. Code and Development

  • The development phase involves the actual building of the website. Developing the client-side and server-side of the website is accomplished in this stage. It is the most time-consuming part of the website development process.

Front-end Web Development

  • The designs made in the early stages are transformed into interactive elements on the web page. Web designers integrate components and functions to the website skeleton, using frameworks and development tools.
  • HTML, CSS, and a scripting language, generally JavaScript, are used by the web designer to create a user-friendly site. For a majority of web applications, Bootstrap and Foundation are preferred for frontend development using HTML and CSS.
  • For JavaScript, several frontend frameworks are available in the market. (Read our blog on the best frontend frameworks for web development for more information.)
  • If you want to keep up with the latest market trends, a mobile-based counterpart of your website is also recommended. Using mobile-friendly elements in your website design or developing a mobile application is a good option.

Back-end Web Development

  • This phase involves developing the actual features of the web app. While the frontend designs the visual elements, dealing with the user side, the backend codes instructions to make each element perform the necessary functions.
  • Server-side encompasses the process of developing the server-side app, creating databases, writing the application logic, and integrating server and client-side functions. Developers use several technologies and programming languages in this stage.
  • Recently, Search Engine Optimization(SEO) is also added to the list of tasks of backend developers. Including these features can attain higher rankings for your site in search engines like Google.

6. Testing and Quality Assurance

  • After the website is developed, a set of rigorous tests are conducted to eliminate any bugs in the system. The Quality Assurance team performs repeated testing methods such as Unit testing, Stress testing, and Load testing meticulously, checking the functionality, usability, compatibility, and performance of the web app.
  • Project consistency is important to have a well-functioning site that provides a seamless user experience. Testing the working of all features on all devices and platforms is also crucial.
  • Apart from this, making small additions such as plugins and SEO-optimization to ensure a smooth deployment. Testing Engineers and developers work together in a loop till the QA team ensures the final website is ready to be deployed to users.
  • We recommend starting with the testing process as early as possible to avoid loss of money and time in the later stages. Let the QA team develop tests simultaneously while doing wireframing. This way you won’t require multiple iterations of testing and developing and also prevent any major design changes.

7. Deployment and Maintenance

  • Once you receive the stamp of approval from the QA team, the website or app is finally ready for deployment. Using File Transfer Protocol, the app is hosted on the web servers and is available to the viewers.
  • But the work is not over. Continuous feedback from user interaction lets you know the scopes of improvement. Accordingly, the web application development life cycle is executed to make the necessary modifications.
  • Apart from this, regular maintenance and updates are absolutely crucial to keep the site functioning perfectly and engage new users.
  • Many times, if you are hiring a web development company or custom website developers, the day-to-day maintenance of your website can fall into your hands. Ensure that you don’t neglect post deployment maintenance services in such cases.
  • Every phase of the life cycle of web development is significant, no matter how small or big the project is.
  • Although coding is a very important aspect of any software development project, it is also important to not neglect other steps of web development such as design, content generation or security checklists, or quality assurance team tests.

Website development lifecycle is a constant journey that can be made better every day.

Wondering how much your web project will cost? Read our complete guide on web app development cost to estimate your budget.